Photos / Sounds

Observer

mhewish

Date

December 2, 2016 10:47 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

reiner

Date

July 3, 2024 01:22 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

reiner

Date

July 7, 2024 10:15 AM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Capricious Dimorphic-Masked Bee (Amphylaeus morosus)

Observer

reiner

Date

June 15, 2024 11:09 AM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Common Gilled Mushrooms and Allies (Order Agaricales)

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

June 23, 2024 03:47 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias)

Observer

bexlloyd

Date

January 2017

Place

Missing Location

Description

18m depth; 3m long; whilst scuba diving. No cage. Very curious of divers. Circled for some minutes.

distinctive scarring on right hand side behind gills in front of dorsal fin - three lines on a forward sloping angle.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

zeke1944

Date

June 1, 2023 03:18 PM AEST

Description

Rossbeevera pachydermis

Photos / Sounds

Observer

reiner

Date

June 6, 2024 03:16 PM AEST
Plants

Photos / Sounds

What

Plants (Kingdom Plantae)

Observer

joygeorgeson

Date

June 6, 2024 05:15 PM AEST

Description

A plant about 40 cm tall growing in sandy soil.

Photos / Sounds

What

Grey Jockey (Asterophora mirabilis)

Observer

pel56

Date

March 2023

Description

Growing on old fruiting bodies of Russula albonigra from last year.
One fresh Russula fruiting body observed from this year.
Had weathered snow during winter

Photos / Sounds

Observer

reiner

Date

April 28, 2023 12:14 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

True Slime Molds (Class Myxomycetes)

Observer

reiner

Date

May 29, 2024 04:05 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

lorimer

Date

July 6, 2023 12:00 PM AEST

Description

Growing on sediment-encrusted rocks in a creek within a fern gully.
Associated species: Austrothamnium pumilum, Camptochaete deflexa, Heteroscyphus fissistipus, amid Pomaderris aspera, Acacia melanoxylon, Dicksonia antarctica, Cyathea australis, Coprosma quadrifida, Bedfordia arborescens.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

lachlancopeland

Date

October 2013

Photos / Sounds

What

Phytoplasmas (Genus Phytoplasma)

Observer

anthonyw2

Date

April 3, 2024 04:05 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)

Observer

w_martin

Date

August 29, 2013 03:58 PM AEST

Tags

Photos / Sounds

Observer

montgomeryhall

Date

May 26, 2024 02:25 PM AEST

Description

Not sure what this species is doing here if my ID is correct. Does anyone know if it could be a garden escapee? Several plants growing here.

Photos / Sounds

What

Dog Orchid (Liparis reflexa)

Observer

jojo666

Date

May 2024

Photos / Sounds

Observer

katejost

Date

May 11, 2024 12:11 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

reiner

Date

May 4, 2024 03:18 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Little Tarantula (Mituliodon tarantulinus)

Observer

bushbandit

Date

May 5, 2024 03:24 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Common Pottia (Tortula truncata)

Observer

ninakerr01

Date

May 4, 2024 09:44 AM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

gaz_holmes

Date

November 9, 2005 01:26 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Australian Frangipani (Hymenosporum flavum)

Observer

bushbandit

Date

November 17, 2023 10:56 AM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Jerry-Jerry (Ammannia multiflora)

Observer

ninakerr01

Date

April 17, 2024 11:51 AM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Kiss-Me-Over-the-Garden-Gate (Persicaria orientalis)

Observer

ninakerr01

Date

April 10, 2024 02:32 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Southeastern Striated Thornbill (Acanthiza lineata ssp. lineata)

Observer

colacbirder

Date

January 26, 2021 04:26 PM AEDT

Place

lake colac (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Observer

reiner

Date

April 11, 2024 11:59 AM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

jimbobo

Date

June 4, 2023 02:34 PM AEST

Description

Unusual Amyema, possible A.quandang X A.pendula hybrid? Has quality's of both species. Elongated and greener leaves than A.quandang. Buds and flowers are also longer although upright. The immediate area around this track junction has a high concentration of Grey Mistletoe and a few Drooping Mistletoe nearby. Found a number of these intermediate plants in this area on both Acacia mearnsii and Acacia melanoxylon.

Comparative images included. Image 3 showing buds. 4 showing leaves at growing end. 10 & 11 showing open flowers.

Photos / Sounds

What

Grey Falcon (Falco hypoleucos)

Observer

kazza21

Date

August 2020

Photos / Sounds

Observer

devito

Date

October 15, 2012 06:14 PM AWST

Description

Beaumont Nature Reserve, NE of Condingup

Photos / Sounds

What

Western Grey Kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus)

Observer

chrisclarke25

Date

August 28, 2017 03:42 PM AWST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

March 2024

Photos / Sounds

Observer

valve

Date

January 18, 2024 01:23 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Amazon Frogbit (Limnobium laevigatum)

Observer

reiner

Date

March 25, 2024 10:04 AM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Grey Goshawk (Accipiter novaehollandiae)

Observer

jbourke

Date

March 1, 2024 07:41 PM AEDT

Place

Montrose (Google, OSM)

Description

Flight similar to a hawk

Photos / Sounds

What

Mystery Wattle (Acacia difformis)

Observer

overlander

Date

August 31, 2023 11:10 AM AEST

Description

Plant 1.2 m high; phyllodes up to 6 cm long; inflorescence 13 mm in diameter.

Photos / Sounds

What

Brown Brood Frog (Pseudophryne bibronii)

Observer

aidan230

Date

May 19, 2023 11:43 AM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

aarongrimes

Date

January 23, 2024 01:24 PM AEDT

Description

Could be one of the P. curviflora subspecies, but looking at other identifications of P. micrantha, it seems to match. Pubescent foliage on both sides, hairy flowers. About 10-20 individuals on a remnant rocky escarpment

Photos / Sounds

What

Southern Bracket (Ganoderma australe)

Observer

reiner

Date

April 21, 2020 02:31 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

ninakerr01

Date

February 1, 2024 12:22 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

twoloos

Description

Hypochromic Caladenia tensa.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

bushbandit

Date

January 2023

Photos / Sounds

What

Speckled Warbler (Pyrrholaemus sagittatus)

Observer

janineduffy

Date

September 26, 2023 12:19 PM AEST

Description

Adult female

Photos / Sounds

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

February 25, 2024 12:17 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Warty Hammer Orchid (Drakaea livida)

Observer

bushbandit

Date

September 23, 2023 03:21 PM AWST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

jenaoide

Date

December 29, 2023 02:24 PM AEDT
Other Animals

Photos / Sounds

What

Animals (Kingdom Animalia)

Observer

elapidwildlife

Date

December 2023

Description

Multiphasic call, terrestrial location confined to
dense understory.

Photos / Sounds

What

Waxcaps (Genus Hygrocybe)

Observer

liznoble

Date

May 2023

Photos / Sounds

What

Common Bluetail (Ischnura heterosticta)

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

February 24, 2024 03:02 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Eucalyptus (Genus Eucalyptus)

Observer

w_martin

Date

March 5, 2018 02:54 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Dendy's Brood Frog (Pseudophryne dendyi)

Observer

elapidwildlife

Date

February 17, 2024 09:21 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

trolley

Date

February 20, 2024 03:52 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Powerful Owl (Ninox strenua)

Observer

ghg

Date

January 2016
Insects

Photos / Sounds

What

Insects (Class Insecta)

Observer

maggie153

Date

December 17, 2023 07:34 AM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Grasses (Family Poaceae)

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

September 25, 2022 02:14 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Gunn's Tree Orchid (Sarcochilus australis)

Observer

johnwalter

Date

May 13, 2015 10:53 AM AEST

Description

On windfall branch

Photos / Sounds

What

Golden-scruffy Collybia (Cyptotrama asprata)

Observer

johnwalter

Date

May 20, 2012 12:15 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Jungle Brake (Pteris umbrosa)

Observer

johnwalter

Date

May 22, 2019 02:25 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Quill Moss (Cyathophorum bulbosum)

Observer

johnwalter

Date

May 21, 2019 12:49 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

johnwalter

Date

May 17, 2012 01:14 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

johnwalter

Date

May 30, 2023 08:23 AM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Coast Bush-Pea (Pultenaea canaliculata)

Observer

johnwoodward

Date

February 6, 2024 06:15 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

johnwalter

Date

October 2, 2022 09:36 AM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Flowering Plants (Subphylum Angiospermae)

Observer

pardalotebellion

Date

January 27, 2024 02:08 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Yellow-tipped Tigertail (Choristhemis flavoterminata)

Observer

colintrainor

Date

December 27, 2020 12:31 PM ACST

Photos / Sounds

What

Pink Lady Fingers (Caladenia carnea)

Observer

wazzza

Date

September 10, 2023 02:35 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Deane's Wattle (Acacia deanei)

Observer

michaelcincotta

Date

January 22, 2023 03:48 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Yellow Bitter-Apple (Solanum linnaeanum)

Observer

jemeny

Date

January 22, 2024 05:52 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Spotted Lady's Thumb (Persicaria maculosa)

Observer

reiner

Date

January 20, 2024 09:51 AM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Tasmanian Flax-Lily (Dianella tasmanica)

Observer

williamdomenge9

Date

December 26, 2018 05:53 AM HST

Photos / Sounds

What

Oysterlings (Genus Crepidotus)

Observer

reiner

Date

April 16, 2022 11:09 AM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Baw-Baw Berry (Wittsteinia vacciniacea)

Observer

chrisclarke25

Date

January 13, 2024 10:59 AM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Grevilleas (Genus Grevillea)

Observer

bushbandit

Date

June 19, 2021 02:13 PM AEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Dicots (Class Magnoliopsida)

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

October 21, 2023 06:18 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Centauries, Rose Gentians, and Zeltneras (Subtribe Chironiinae)

Date

January 11, 2024

Description

This was tiny, I was lucky to catch the flash of pink. There was only one that I found. Is it a Schenkia?

Photos / Sounds

Observer

euclover12345

Date

January 25, 2023 08:38 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Tadgell's Bluebell (Wahlenbergia multicaulis)

Observer

euclover12345

Date

January 6, 2024 12:50 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Tiny Triggerplant (Stylidium perpusillum)

Observer

lorrainecphelan

Date

October 16, 2016 10:25 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Tiny Triggerplant (Stylidium perpusillum)

Observer

jimbobo

Date

October 22, 2021 12:59 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Ruddy Bearded-Heath (Styphelia rufa)

Observer

tiner

Date

December 19, 2023 05:00 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Black-footed Gondwanan Katydid (Metholce nigritarsis)

Observer

shellie36

Date

January 2024

Description

Black footed katydid on buddleja

Photos / Sounds

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

October 18, 2022 01:37 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

December 27, 2023 01:49 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Common Centaury (Centaurium erythraea)

Observer

light-up-gold

Date

December 21, 2023 03:24 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Star Jelly (Nostoc commune)

Observer

reiner

Date

December 3, 2023 11:30 AM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans)

Observer

dnicolle

Date

December 15, 2013 04:06 PM AEDT

Description

'Centurion' tree. Voucher observation D.Nicolle 6730.

Climbed height: 99.6 metres.
Crown spread: 18.0 metres average.
Trunk circ. at 1.4 m: 13.70 metres.

Mixed rainforest and E. regnans forest on moderately steep north-east slope.

Photos / Sounds

What

Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans)

Observer

dnicolle

Date

February 22, 2019 01:00 PM AEDT

Description

Unvouchered observation of 'Centurion' (Australia's tallest tree) shortly after wildfire.

Photos / Sounds

Date

January 2023

Photos / Sounds

What

Clubmoss Daisy-Bush (Olearia lepidophylla)

Observer

nicksnatives

Date

November 5, 2023 04:12 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Forest Pennywort (Hydrocotyle geraniifolia)

Observer

reiner

Date

October 31, 2023 03:02 PM AEDT

Description

on Sigesbeckia orientalis

Photos / Sounds

Observer

matthew_connors

Date

June 23, 2018 12:32 PM AEST

Description

Okay okay let's do some Calolampra stuff, because it seems that people have been taking my cockroach IDs and running with them without realising how many incredibly similar species there are. Before we even begin, here is a big disclaimer: Calolampra is a huge mess, and ALL species IDs should be considered tentative until a better revision is done (no offense to Roth & Princis buuuuuuuut I mean they didn't do a fantastic job did they...).

Anyway, this paper is our key resource. It indicates that there are 26 Australian species, although ALA lists 28, so we will have to work out where that discrepancy has come from.

Before looking at everything else, just a quick note on C. elegans - this is an aberrant and very pretty species known from only a single specimen collected in Peak Downs (QLD). The male is wingless (unique among Calolampra) and is boldly marked with black and yellow, rather like a Cosmozosteria:

So that one is clearly out. All the other species look more or less the same though unfortunately.

I figure the easiest way to begin is simply to list the species along with their recorded distributions, and then start ruling things out:

C. darlingtoni - NSW (Mt Kosciusko) and SA (Mt Lofty)

C. truncata - NSW (Sydney region)

C. ignota - southern WA and SA from around Esperance to beyond Adelaide

C. paula - inland WA, NT, QLD, and SA, as well as southern SA

C. candidula - north QLD (around Cairns and Mareeba) through to central QLD (Aramac) and northeastern SA

C. aspera - widespread in arid SA, as well as southern NT

C. subgracilis - southern VIC and southeast SA

C. confusa - unknown (no locality on the only known specimen)

C. fenestrata - coastal southeast QLD and NSW from around Brisbane to Sydney

C. signatura - introduced in Haiti and St Helena, probably from Australia, but no Australian specimens are so far known

C. atra - southeast SA

C. gracilis - southeast SA and mid-coastal NSW

C. marginalis - southwest WA, around Perth

C. solida - Peak Downs in central Queensland

C. irrorata - coastal QLD

C. mjoebergi - coastal QLD

C. propinqua - NSW and VIC

C. fraserensis - southern SA and WA

C. notabilis - VIC and southern SA

C. queenslandica - QLD (no exact locality on the only known specimen)

C. atomifera - southeast SA

C. obscura - northern WA and NT

C. insularis - Murray Island in the Torres Strait (QLD)

C. pernotabilis - southeast QLD

C. tepperi - Kangaroo Island in SA

The most important thing to note with these distributions is that they are conservative because they're based on limited specimens, but they generally give us a good idea of the probably distribution of a species. All of them are likely to be more widespread than stated, but the habitats that they are found in will likely be very similar. For example, it's very easy to believe that C. paula is also found in inland NSW despite there being no specimens from there, but at the same time it seems very unlikely that the species would be found in coastal NSW.

What about the discrepancies? Well ALA also lists C. depolita and C. fornicata. Roth & Princis suggest that C. depolita is probably a synonym of C. tepperi, and C. fornicata is listed as a synonym of C. irrorata in Cockroach Species File. With no further comment on either of them in the revision, I think I will leave them at that.

From the morphological side, there are a few useful snippets that we can use to easily ID some males. Specifically, males of C. darlingtoni have only vestigial tegmina, similar to the females, and males of C. truncata have shortened tegmina that reach only to about the hind margin of the second abdominal tergite. Take care in distinguishing male C. truncata from female Molytria though, which have wings of a similar length.

So for my Victorian ones, going by distribution we can fairly safely rule out everything except C. darlingtoni, C. subgracilis, C. atra, C. gracilis, C. notabilis, and C. propinqua. This of course has the obvious caveat that we don't actually know where C. confusa and C. signatura are from, but to me it's unlikely that it would be somewhere like Melbourne if there are no other records for the species.

Okay, so let's get into it then. I have three specimens to ID (one I have already IDed as C. propinqua but it will be good to double check that) from various spots. One is from Mt Macedon, another is from Burwood (this one), and the third is from Emerald. The Mt Macedon specimen is rather different from the others, but the other two are similar and could be the same species. All are females so we can't easily rule C. darlingtoni in or out unfortunately!

Let's look at the species one by one.

C. darlingtoni is rather similar to my Melbourne species but is clearly not the Mt Macedon one:

C. subgracilis is also somewhat similar to my Melbourne one (and again different to the Mt Macedon one) but seems to have fewer spots on the tegmen, and the description seems somewhat at odds - "Pronotum edged with brown, feebly so in front, but strongly laterally ... disk of pronotum ... so thickly speckled with black that the brownish ground color almost disappears ... hind margin ... provided with the usual black striae which are rather short and indistinct"

In fact though, looking at that description and again at my two similar Melbourne individuals, they seem to be rather different in these aspects. The Blackburn individual is rather unlike this, whereas the Emerald individual is very similar. The developing tegmina (it is not adult) are rather less spotted, the disk is very heavily marked with black, and the hind margin has somewhat indistinct stripes (especially given the age). So perhaps that one is C. subgracilis and the other is something else.

As the name suggests, C. atra is almost completely dark. It has pale margins on the thorax and abdomen, but there is little patterning of any kind on the abdomen:

So that one is out! It is very distinctive and there seem to be a few iNat sightings that I will add IDs to.

C. gracilis, alas we have no images of the female due to an editing error! Oh well. Here is the female description:

"Head generally as in male, but sometimes in dark individuals a blackish additional macula between interocellar area and clypeus present; face passing into o.cciput without angulation. Pronotum at most twice as broad as long, thickly speckled and dotted with dark brown (in dark individuals with blackish); disk with scattered impressed punctures; hind margin bearing a series of dark brown to blackish longitudinal striae; middle part of the hind margin weakly convex; lateral margins, not differentiated, but regularly arcuate with anterior margin; edging of lateral margins in dorsal aspect not lined brown inside; latero-caudal angles slightly produced backwards. Tegmina reduced to lateral lappets (Fig. I2) edging of their outer margins dark brown (even in dark individuals not black). Dorsum of abdomen thickly speckled and dotted with dark brown to blackish on yellowish ground. Supraanal plate yellowish, only weakly dotted with dark brown. Venter of abdomen dark brown to blackish with several reddish maculations. Legs yellowish brown with dark brown spines; lower posterior margin of front femora and same margin of posterior femora as in male. Length of body 8-2 mm; length of pronotum 5-5.5 mm; width of pronotum 8.5-8.8 mm; length of tegmina 3-4 mm."

So what of this is helpful? Well the tegmina are edged in dark brown on their outer margin, which is not the case with any of mine. So I think it is reasonable to exclude C. gracilis.

Next is C. propinqua.

The pronotum is very dark and the posterior stripes on it are rather short, much like my Mt Macedon specimen. The description indicates that the pronotum is speckled with black and some red, and that the lateral margins of the pronotum are lined with brown - both again consistent with my specimen. The broader lateral pale patches on the pronotum are what really seem the best feature for me though, so I am happy still calling that one C. propinqua.

Lastly is C. notabilis:

It's clearly not the same as the Mt Macedon one at least. The abdomen is more speckled than C. darlingtoni but less so than C. subgracilis, and the pronotum is dark but has some patterning visible. The tegmina have medium to dense spotting, like my Burwood specimen, and indeed most of it is actually like my Burwood one, more so than C. darlingtoni is. And in fact... yeah, that really does look right. It is somewhat shiny where C. darlingtoni is rather matte, a much better match for mine. What about the Emerald one? Well it could be, but it seems less likely. That specimen is very darkly marked and the pale patches contrast strongly with the dark, with little mottling or speckling in the pale areas. So I still think that one is better for C. subgracilis.

So I think that is a fairly thorough look at the southeastern representatives of this group. The caveat again though: this genus is very difficult to work with and any IDs should be considered tentative at best. We have little idea of the variability and species boundaries of any of these cockroaches, and we need a much better revision before we can even begin to say anything with certainty.

Also just a little cheat sheet for you for the three closely-related genera that are easily confused:

Calolampra - females with vestigial tegmina (micropterous), males usually with full-length wings (macropterous) but brachypterous in one and micropterous in another (the exception is C. elegans, in which the male is apterous and the female is unknown but presumed apterous)

Molytria - females brachypterous, males macropterous (two species) or brachypterous (one species)

Rhabdoblatta - both sexes macropterous

Photos / Sounds

Observer

matthew_connors

Date

November 15, 2017 02:17 PM AEST

Description

Nice star-shaped barnacles on the side of the pier

Photos / Sounds

What

Spring Pin (Cudoniella clavus)

Observer

reiner

Date

October 19, 2023 07:10 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

reiner

Date

October 11, 2023 06:39 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Grassland Sun Orchid (Thelymitra basaltica)

Observer

lat38s

Date

October 19, 2022 01:56 PM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Dwarf Wire-Lily (Laxmannia orientalis)

Observer

lorrainecphelan

Date

January 12, 2022 11:31 AM AEDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

suzieandjim

Date

November 11, 2012 01:35 PM +12

Description

What about Thelymitra pallidiflora ? Similar locality and flowering time.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

reiner

Date

October 5, 2023 02:12 PM AEDT

Description

lumps on leaves of Ranunculus repens - virus? fungus? bacteria?