Photos / Sounds

Observer

geordieb

Date

June 8, 2024 11:45 AM AWST

Description

maybe a yellow rumped ant wasp mimic

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Observer

kivij

Date

May 20, 2023 05:57 PM +07

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Observer

hsug1747

Date

May 2024

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Observer

dethkrvm13

Date

May 22, 2024 06:19 PM MDT

Description

My kid was looking for bugs and found this panda ant. Letting him enjoy it for the day and releasing at night.

Photos / Sounds

What

Pacific Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla aureola)

Observer

avispahalcon

Date

May 9, 2024 04:05 PM PDT

Description

Field note

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Observer

matt_lachiusa

Date

March 2, 2024 03:13 PM MST

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Observer

joshvuh

Date

April 19, 2024 01:31 PM CDT

Description

I have no clue how this velvet ant got here to Texas but found them at my
job and went on a deep dive to ID them only to see they’re mostly native too southern Europe (Spain)

Photos / Sounds

Observer

elkinjmf

Date

February 26, 2024 12:05 PM -05

Photos / Sounds

What

Velvet Ants (Family Mutillidae)

Observer

csbandi

Date

February 3, 2024 10:16 AM IST

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Observer

stenthesnake

Date

August 10, 2021 10:14 AM MST

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Observer

leogsantoro

Date

December 31, 2023 12:19 PM -03

Description

3-4 mm aproximadamente

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Observer

suecar

Date

September 23, 2023 09:03 AM MST

Description

D. heliophila? Can't find a good match in BugGuide - I wish photos were better.

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Observer

froggy143

Date

September 23, 2023 10:25 PM MST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

keerthipriyap

Date

September 16, 2023 06:22 PM MDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Pacific Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla aureola)

Observer

ouzel

Date

September 3, 2023 05:49 PM PDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

matt-ratcliffe

Date

August 27, 2023 04:03 PM CDT

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Observer

salva_jausant

Date

March 10, 2018

Photos / Sounds

What

Sacken's Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla sackenii)

Observer

mountainsong

Date

August 3, 2023 10:21 AM PDT

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Observer

pavelbykau

Date

July 21, 2023 10:23 AM PDT

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Observer

natcase

Date

July 2, 2023 07:09 PM MST

Description

Male with malformed wings?

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Observer

sarasims

Date

June 15, 2023 04:44 PM CST

Description

On the hill near the Campsite.

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Observer

catherine_g

Date

June 25, 2023 10:51 AM CDT

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Observer

nmoorhatch

Date

June 20, 2023 09:32 AM PDT

Description

Male

Photos / Sounds

What

Klug's Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla klugii)

Observer

sandyhead

Date

June 11, 2023 08:48 AM CDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Velvet Ants (Family Mutillidae)

Observer

ximenaarevaloc

Date

August 22, 2022 12:11 PM CDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Pacific Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla aureola)

Observer

morromary

Date

May 21, 2023 08:11 PM PDT

Place

Morro Bay (Google, OSM)

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Observer

sydney_krantz

Date

May 20, 2023 06:27 PM PDT

Photos / Sounds

Date

March 18, 2023 12:33 PM PDT

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Observer

jfmantis

Date

May 8, 2023 03:18 PM EDT

Description

First mutillid from Central Park on inat!

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Observer

jfmantis

Date

April 4, 2023 01:58 PM EST

Description

Fast.

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Observer

bealeiderman

Date

April 7, 2023 02:26 PM -05

Photos / Sounds

Date

March 26, 2023 03:17 PM -05

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Observer

stephtran

Date

February 22, 2023 04:00 PM AST

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Observer

ursulinsky

Date

November 8, 2022 05:50 PM -03

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Observer

jessicaraintree

Date

January 20, 2023 03:54 PM +07

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Observer

tsnowden

Date

January 20, 2023 03:55 PM +07

Place

Chiang Dao (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Observer

chinmay_c_m

Date

December 25, 2022 08:08 AM IST

Place

Shantagiri (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

What

Nocturnal Velvet Ants (Tribe Sphaeropthalmini)

Observer

naturenate

Date

November 19, 2022 03:32 PM PST

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Observer

froggy143

Date

November 11, 2022 06:40 PM MST

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Observer

wynand_uys

Date

November 13, 2022 01:13 PM SAST

Description

6mm

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Observer

jugbayjs

Date

September 24, 2022 01:46 AM CDT

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Observer

vanwest

Date

October 2022

Place

Texas, US (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

What

Winged and Once-winged Insects (Subclass Pterygota)

Observer

ghost68

Date

July 1, 2022 09:53 AM EDT

Place

Ocala (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Observer

tusabez

Date

June 21, 2022 11:30 AM CST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

birdingtexan

Date

June 10, 2022 09:44 AM CDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Klug's Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla klugii)

Observer

graceml

Date

June 3, 2022 08:27 AM CDT

Photos / Sounds

Date

May 22, 2022 12:44 PM CDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Pacific Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla aureola)

Observer

linneav

Date

May 22, 2022 08:45 AM PDT

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Observer

cholmesphoto

Date

May 21, 2022 09:48 AM MDT

Photos / Sounds

Date

May 9, 2022 09:13 PM -05

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Observer

leonardohe

Date

May 16, 2022 09:56 AM MDT

Photos / Sounds

Date

April 29, 2022

Photos / Sounds

Date

April 29, 2022

Description

Male?

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Observer

cindychrisler

Date

April 22, 2022 01:01 PM CDT

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Observer

emmajonas

Date

March 29, 2022 10:57 AM EDT

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Observer

idlegrraphics

Date

July 27, 2021 05:32 PM CDT

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Observer

gego

Date

August 28, 2015 01:45 PM CEST

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Observer

alice_abela

Date

May 25, 2014 04:28 PM PDT

Description

Figueroa Mountain, Los Padres National Forest, Santa Barbara County, California

Photos / Sounds

What

Velvet Ants (Family Mutillidae)

Observer

prajwal_ullal

Date

July 10, 2021 08:28 AM IST

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Observer

alyssamagliaro

Date

April 2021

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Observer

pieterprins

Date

September 15, 2017 11:33 AM CEST

Description

In open forest. Moving quite rapidly and therefore hard to photograph.

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Observer

laurabaird

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Observer

gigilaidler

Date

December 2, 2021 12:26 PM SAST

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Observer

louisenicholas

Date

January 4, 2022 08:42 PM +11

Description

Approx 1cm long, poking head into sand, lots of other marks in sand around it. On sandy track between Wyperfeld NP and private bush block, Patchewollock, NW Victoria.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

alejandro_velez

Date

January 1, 2020 05:33 PM -05

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Observer

josuergg

Date

December 27, 2021 05:55 PM CST

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Observer

helpwithnames

Date

December 7, 2021 04:14 PM -05

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Observer

josuergg

Date

December 3, 2021 10:51 AM CST

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Observer

anniebeez

Date

July 1, 2019 04:46 PM UTC

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Observer

matthew_connors

Date

May 6, 2018 05:56 PM AEST

Description

Mmmmmm velvet ants, mmm mmm mmmmmmm velvet ants. They're cool, but I distinctly remember nobody knowing anything much about them. I wonder if I can spend three days sorting them out. Let's hope it doesn't take that long -_-

So uhh I guess we start at the top. Family Mutillidae. I'm just gonna go by what ALA says because it seems decent. There are 9 genera in two subfamilies: Mutillinae: Odontomutilla (1 sp.), Trogaspidia (2 spp.); Sphaeropthalminae: Aglaotilla (14 spp.), Australotilla (5 spp.), Bothriomutilla (1 sp.), Ephutomorpha (155 spp.), Eurymutilla (6 spp.), Odontomyrme (6 spp.), Ponerotilla (4 spp.). Well that's... Mmmm. Okay then. 'Not ideal' is an understatement.

I've seen Ephutomorpha before and it's fairly similar to this so I guess it is at least Sphaeropthalminae. Thorax is a bit of a different shape though so with luck I don't have something within that mess of species.

Alright, well let's see if I can rule out the three mutillines. This is Trogaspidia cooki, at least according to iNat: I see no reason to doubt it really and it seems correct. The other iNat Trogaspidia observations from around the world are all very similar, and given that they have no indication of any strong thoracic spines I am happy to also rule out T. tricarinata. The iNat observations of Odontomutilla are also very similar in form, and seem to differ from Trogaspida mostly in abdominal pattern. So I'm happy ruling Odontomutilla out as well.

Okay, so we have something in Sphaeropthalminae then. Bothriomutilla rugicollis is a very distinctive, common species with large spines on the thorax:

Ponerotilla then - I can find no information with a cursory search except for this paper which mentions that females have (only?) been collected from underground, in the nests of ants. I guess I should probably check them, shouldn't I. Good news! All four are described in this paper, all four are known only from WA, and all four look quite different to this.

Next up is Australotilla. There are some iNat sightings and they seem to have a rather different thorax to mine so I don't think they will be what we are after. But still, I should check. This paper will help quite a lot. It has the original description of the genus, and importantly all of the currently-assigned species are included within it in that paper. The description seems to indicate that the thorax does not contain the large spines that my one has. The generic description states that all species have the "abdomen with 6 bright-colored spots in single longitudinal line, sometimes weak or lacking on 3rd and 4th tergites". The diagram of A. modesta included confirms these details:

and they certainly match the iNat sightings as well. So I am once again happy to rule them out.

Next up, Eurymutilla. Once more there are iNat sightings including two different species, and they look rather different to mine. Still I will look. E. turneri is described in the paper linked above, and the holotype is here: Quite different really. The description of E. unilineata is here; the abdominal pattern is different and it has a brown/orange thorax. The description of E. perelegans is here, currently a synonym of E. argenteolineata. It is rather similar to the previous two; once more it has an orange/red thorax. The original description of E. argenteolineata is here but ugh it's in French. It seems to agree but if anyone wants to translate, go ahead! The description of E. exigua is here. I have only translated part of it but it seems only to be for the male, alas. Either way it seems that most of the Eurymutilla species are very similar to each other, so I will rule for now pending the result that all of the other species are similar too. Ephutomorpha morosa var. albocalcarata, described briefly here, is a synonym of E. cordata. The abdomen has narrow white borders on the first and second segments, so it is out. And finally E. mutilla is described and illustrated here:

So that is Eurymutilla out then.

Odontomyrme next. There are many iNat sightings and they all seem very small. Our paper from before contains the original description of the genus along with a key to all six species. Woohoo! O. gilberti has abdominal tergite 2 rusty red with a preapical black band, and then the remaining segments rusty red. O. difficilis has abominal tergites 1-5 rusty red. O. abjecta has tergite 1 rusty red (at least partially), and then tergites 3 and 4 black with rusty red apical bands. O. tobiasi also has tergite 1 at least partially rusty red, but has tergites 3 and 4 yellowish brown. O. addena has tergite 2 with a "large semicircular, apicomedial rusty red cuticular spot". And finally O. sessilis has tergite 2 with a "less conspicuous, transverse apicomedial rusty red cuticular spot". Here is the type of O. tobiasi for reference:

Good to rule out another genus. Heading into dangerous territory now though....

Alright then, Aglaotilla. Astonishingly, the genus actually has a modern treatment! That's probably because it was only described very recently. Thanks the lord for modern taxonomists. Anyway, it's here and it very clearly states that all the species are brightly metallic and strongly punctured. The type, A. submetallescens, is imaged, and it is indeed similar to the iNat sightings of the genus. So Aglaotilla is out.

And now, alas, we reach our big problem. Ephutomorpha is an incredibly huge mess. Many species actually belong to some of the other genera we have already looked at, and I don't doubt that many also represent undescribed genera. It's a bit like Platybrachys isn't it. So I don't really have much hope for getting a definitive ID, but we might still be able to get somewhere. ALA lists 155 described species, and I am not going through them all. But there are plenty of species IDed here on iNat courtesy of the amazing @kevinwilliams, so we can go through and see if anything is close. Right away there is a match - E. ruficornis. All the markings and morphology match. It is a decent distance from the other iNat sightings but that doesn't necessarily mean anything, considering there are only 4 observations. The original description is... short. It essentially says that it is black, the antennae are red, and the abdomen has white hairs. I guess it matches? I'm hesitant to apply the name given that the only proper reference is iNat itself (don't want to be circular), but I can't see anything that would differentiate it from the other sightings here. E. ruficornis s. l. maybe. Perhaps the experts can chime in and tell me how wrong I am :P

Photos / Sounds

Observer

asdf2020

Date

October 26, 2021 05:25 PM MST

Photos / Sounds

Date

September 6, 2021 03:05 PM MDT

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Observer

davidmt83

Date

September 25, 2021 12:38 PM MDT

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Observer

kueda

Date

September 10, 2021 06:28 PM PDT

Description

Running around in the road, sandy soils, coastal grassland and chaparral.

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Observer

tillyhawk

Description

About .5 in long, two together

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Observer

bzimmerbirds

Date

April 21, 2020 06:04 PM MDT

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Observer

mas68ter

Date

August 24, 2021 06:36 PM CDT

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Observer

elrodrugs_

Date

July 20, 2021 06:41 PM MDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Four-spotted Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla quadriguttata)

Observer

stevecollins

Date

August 8, 2021 01:02 PM EDT

Description

I can't find any examples with a black head

Photos / Sounds

Observer

frank-deschandol

Date

July 16, 2021 05:25 PM CEST

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Observer

savvaszafeiriou

Date

July 20, 2021 04:45 AM +13

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Observer

ralsalas

Date

July 29, 2021 02:38 PM MDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

jiutian

Date

July 2021

Photos / Sounds

What

Pacific Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla aureola)

Observer

lexibug

Date

July 11, 2021 06:48 AM PDT

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Observer

francisco255

Date

July 15, 2021 05:26 PM CDT

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Observer

catherine_g

Date

June 22, 2021 02:01 PM CDT

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Observer

jakemccumber

Date

July 8, 2021 01:37 PM EDT

Description

Photo series focused on the male and active mating. Detailed images of female linked below.

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Observer

joshklostermann

Date

June 30, 2021 04:12 PM EDT

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Observer

froggy143

Date

June 25, 2021 09:27 PM MST

Description

Pretty small, it was seen wandering near the nest entrance of a Camponotus fragilis colony.

Photos / Sounds

Date

June 29, 2021 11:47 AM CDT

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Observer

morgancantrell

Date

June 25, 2021 01:29 PM PDT

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Observer

nickrobinson

Date

June 16, 2021 07:51 PM CDT

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Observer

tmurray74

Date

June 15, 2021 01:53 PM EDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Four-spotted Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla quadriguttata)

Observer

patriciagthomas

Date

June 2021

Place

Texas, US (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Observer

jcochran706

Date

June 12, 2021 09:10 AM CDT

Description

Timberlake Biological Field Station

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Observer

jcochran706

Date

June 12, 2021 12:21 PM CDT

Description

Timberlake Biological Field Station

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Observer

keithpetrus

Date

June 1, 2021 12:25 PM UTC

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Observer

substanz

Date

October 2019

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Observer

threeagoutdoors

Date

June 2, 2021 10:22 AM CDT

Description

I can get more pictures as needed

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Observer

sambiology

Date

May 29, 2021 05:37 PM CDT